- Head of the school of philosophy in Constantinople (qq.v.) who was condemned for heresy (q.v.) in 1082. The driving force behind his condemnation was the new emperor Alexios I Komnenos (qq.v.), who seemed determined to root out suspected heretics, while his mother Anna Dalassene (q.v.) was turning the Great Palace (qq.v.) into something resembling a monastery. That Italos was born in south Italy of a Norman (q.v.) father, and was the pupil of Michael Psellos (q.v.), who himself barely escaped condemnation, must have aroused Alexios's suspicion. The condemnation illustrates the threat to Orthodoxy (q.v.) that the church and its supporters perceived in Psellos's revival of Platonic thought. More broadly, the condemnation was meant to reaffirm that theology (q.v.) was not a subdivision of philosophy.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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John Italus — [Johannes Italos, Ioannis Italos.] was a Byzantine philosopher of the eleventh century. He was Calabrian in origin, his father being a soldier [ [http://www.deremilitari.org/resources/articles/magdalino.htm The Byzantine background to the First… … Wikipedia
ИОАНН ИТАЛ — [греч. ᾿Ιωάννης ὁ ᾿Ιταλός] (2 я пол. 20 х гг. XI в. нач. 30 х гг. XI в., Юж. Италия после 1082), визант. философ, ученик Михаила Пселла и его преемник в том же звании, что было у учителя, «ипат философов». Основными источниками сведений о жизни И … Православная энциклопедия
Eustratios of Nicaea — Philosopher, theologian, metropolitan of Nicaea (qq.v.), whose trial for heresy (q.v.) was the chief event in the closing years of Alexios I Komnenos s (q.v.) reign. Eustratios was a pupil of John Italos (q.v.), but he escaped being condemned… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Philosophy — In early Byzantine times the Academy ofAthens (q.v.) was the center of philosophical inquiry, especially of Neoplatonism (q.v.) as taught by Proklos and his student Ammonios of Alexandria (q.v.). Ammonios s students included Damaskios and John … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Chronology — Before the ninth century there were considerable differences in the chronologies used for the writing of history and chronicles (qq.v.). Some pre ninth century chronologies started with dates of regional significance, such as the beginning… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Proklos — Neoplatonist (q.v.) philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer, who taught at the Academy of Athens (q.v.). For Proklos (unlike Porphyry [q.v.]), Plotinos s (q.v.) philosophy became a way of self knowledge that used theurgy and mathematics to… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Psellos, Michael — Historian, premier intellectual and writer of his time, courtier and advisor to several 11th century emperors (q.v.). Michael VII (q.v.) was his pupil. Whatever one thinks of his character (which was necessarily chameleon like to have survived … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Иоанн Итал — Иоанн Итал византийский философ XI века. Родом из Италии, ученик Пселла, наследовал ему звание «υπατος των φιλοσόφων». Искусный диалектик, особенно прославился своей преподавательской деятельностью, посвящённой толкованию Аристотеля, но… … Википедия
Constantine Choirosphaktes — (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Χοιροσφάκτης) was a Byzantine diplomat and official active during the reigns of Nikephoros III Botaneiates (r. 1078–1081) and Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118). He first appears in 1078, bearing the rank of proedros, when he… … Wikipedia
Alexios I Komnenos — Emperor (q.v.) from 1081 1118. He is often viewed as one of Byzantium s great emperors, in part because of the memorable impression of his reign in the Alexiad, written by his daughter Anna Komnene (q.v.). He found the empire beset by foreign… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium